After installing TrueNAS, configuring and using the system is all managed through the web interface. By default, the system creates a number of ways to access the web interface, but you might need to adjust the default settings to better fit the system in your network environment. Preconfigured Systems When you …

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The Console Setup menu appears at the end of the boot process. If the TrueNAS system has a keyboard and monitor, this Console Setup menu can be used to administer the system. When connecting to a TrueNAS system with SSH or the web shell, the Console Setup menu is not shown by default. It can be started by the root user …

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Creating a Network File System (NFS) share on TrueNAS gives the benefit of making lots of data easily available for anyone with share access. Depending how the share is setup, users accessing the share can be restricted to read or write privileges. To get started, make sure a dataset has been created. This dataset …

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A Web-based Distributed Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV) share makes it easy to share a TrueNAS dataset and its contents over the web. To get started, make sure a dataset has been created. This dataset stores the data that will be shared. If a dataset already exists, proceed to turning the WebDAV service on. WebDAV …

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SMB Overview SMB (also known as CIFS) is the native file sharing system in Windows. Computers on a local network that offer SMB shares to other devices will appear by default in the Navigation Pane of Windows File Explorer. SMB shares can be connected to any major operating systems including Windows, MacOS, and Linux. …

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Active Directory (AD) is a service for sharing resources in a Windows network. Because AD provides authentication and authorization services for the users in a network, it is not necessary to recreate the same user accounts on TrueNAS. AD can be configured on a Windows server that is running Windows Server 2000 or …

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Apple Filing Protocol (AFP) is a a network protocol that allows file sharing over a network. It’s similar to SMB and NFS. However, it was made to work flawlessly on Apple systems. In this document, you will learn how to create and connect to a general purpose AFP share. To get started, make sure a dataset has …

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Unlike other sharing protocols on TrueNAS, setting up an iSCSI share allows for block sharing as well as file sharing. Block sharing provides the benefit of block-level access to data on the TrueNAS. iSCSI exports disk devices (zvols on TrueNAS) over a network that allows other iSCSI clients (initiators) to attach to …

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TrueNAS includes an Open LDAP client for accessing information from an LDAP server. An LDAP server provides directory services for finding network resources such as users and their associated permissions. LDAP authentication for SMB shares is disabled unless the LDAP directory has been configured for and populated with …

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Dynamic Domain Name Service (DDNS) is useful when TrueNAS is connected to an ISP that periodically changes the IP address of the system. With dynamic DNS, the system can automatically associate its current IP address with a domain name and continue to provide access to TrueNAS even if the system IP address changes. …

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The File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a simple option for data transfers. The addition SSH and Trivial FTP options provide secure or simple config file transfer methods, respectively. Options for configuring FTP, SSH, and TFTP are in the system Services. FTP on TrueNAS Create a dataset for the FTP service under Storage. …

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IPMI Many TrueNAS Storage Arrays provide a built-in out-of-band management port which can be used to provide side-band management should the system become unavailable through the web interface. This allows for a few vital functions, such as checking the log, accessing the BIOS setup, and powering on the system without …

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Kerberos is a web authentication protocol that uses strong cryptography to prove the identity of both client and server over an insecure network connection. Kerberos uses “realms” and “keytabs” to authenticate clients and servers. A Kerberos realm is an authorized domain that a Kerberos server …

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The Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP) is used by network devices to advertise their identity, capabilities, and neighbors on an Ethernet network. TrueNAS uses the ladvd LLDP implementation. When the local network contains managed switches, configuring and starting the LLDP service will tell the TrueNAS system to …

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Microsoft LDAP defaults 2020 “LDAP channel binding and LDAP signing provide ways to increase the security of network communications between an Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) or an Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services (AD LDS) and its clients. There is a vulnerability in the default configuration …

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This tutorial describes how to start a local S3 service on TrueNAS and connect to it from a networked client system with the Minio Browser, s3cmd, and S3 Browser. The images show the latest TrueNAS Core web interface and feature set. S3 support available on TrueNAS 11.1-U5 and later versions. Background S3 is an object …

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When using services on TrueNAS, especially services that allow outside connections, there are some best practices to follow to ensure your system is safe and secure. The main services that will be discussed in this article are SSH, SMB, NFS, and iSCSI. SSH Using Secure Shell (SSH) to connect to your TrueNAS can be very …

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Warning Making changes to the network interface the web interface uses can result in losing connection to the TrueNAS system! Fixing any misconfigured network settings might require command line knowledge or physical access to the TrueNAS system. Process Summary Web UI Network > Interfaces > Add or Edit Type …

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Introduction TrueNAS can act as a Certificate Authority (CA). When encrypting SSL or TLS connections to the TrueNAS system, either import an existing CA, or create a CA and certificate on the TrueNAS system. This certificate will appear in the drop-down menus for services that support SSL or TLS. If desired, a new CA …

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Introduction By default TrueNAS comes equipped with an internal, self-signed certificate. This enables encrypted access to the web interface. If desired, a new certificate can be created or an existing certificate can be imported. To add or import a certificate, go to System > Certificates and click ADD. First, …

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Do not use SBM1 SMB1, also known as SMBv1, is an early version of the Windows SMB file-sharing protocol. Microsoft has deprecated the SMB1 protocol for security reasons and strongly recommends removing SMB1. SMB1 is disabled by default in FreeNAS and TrueNAS. Current SMB networking clients use later versions of the SMB …

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Secure Socket Shell (SSH) is a network protocol that provides a secure method to access and transfer files between two hosts while using an unsecure network. SSH can use user account credentials to establish secure connections, but often uses key pairs shared between host systems for authentication. When TrueNAS is …

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