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OpenVPN Screen

  5 minute read.

Last Modified 2022-09-23 09:59 EDT

OpenVPN is an open source connection protocol. OpenVPN creates a secure connection between 2 points in a network. VPN services use OpenVPN to safeguard data integrity and provide anonymity. There two OpenVPN services on TrueNAS, the OpenVPN Client and OpenVPN Server.

OpenVPN Client

Use OpenVPN Client to configure the client settings.

ServicesOpenVPNClientOptions

General Options

NameDescription
Client CertificateSelect a valid client certificate from the dropdown list. The option is freenas_default. A certificate must exist on this system that is current and not revoked. Find more about generating certificates and CAs for OpenVPN here.
Root CASelect the root Certificate Authority used to sign the Client and Server certificates. Find more about generating certificates and CAs for OpenVPN here.
RemoteEnter a valid IP address or domain name to which OpenVPN connects.
PortEnter a port number to use for the connection.
Authentication AlgorithmSelect an algorithm to authenticate packets. The dropdown list provides a list of algorithms to choose from. This is used to confirm packets sent over the network connection. Your network environment might need a specific algorithm. If not, select SHA1 HMAC which is a good standard algorithm to use.
CipherSelect a cipher algorithm to encrypt data channel packets sent through the connection. While not required, using a cipher increases connection security. Verify if your networking environment requires a particular cipher. If not, AES-256-GCM is a good default choice. The dropdown list provides a list of encryption ciphers to choose from.
CompressionSelect a compression algorithm from the dropdown list. Dropdown list options are LZ0 or LZ4. Leave the field empty to send data uncompressed. LZ0 is the standard compression algorithm. It is backwards compatible with previous (pre-2.4) versions of OpenVPN. LZ4 is a newer option that is typically faster with less system resources required.
ProtocolSelect the protocol to use when connecting with the remote system. Select from the dropdown list options UDP, UDP4, UDP6, TCP, TCP4 or TCP6. Select UDP or TCP. UDP sends packets in a continuous stream. It is generally faster and less strict about dropped packets than TCP. TCP sends packets sequentially. To force the connection to be IPv4 or IPv6 choose the UDP or TCP version with the 4 or 6 respectively.
Device TypeSelect a virtual network interface from the dropdown list. Options are TUN or TAP. The client and server Device Type must be the same. For information see here.
NobindSelect to enable and to prevent binding to local address and port. Required if running OpenVPN client and server at the same time.
TLS Crypt Auth EnabledSelect to enable or clear checkbox to disable TLS Web Client Authentication.
Additional ParametersEnter any extra parameters for the client. This manually configures any of the core OpenVPN config file options. Refer to the OpenVPN Reference Manual for descriptions of each option.
TLS Crypt AuthEncrypts all TLS handshake messages to add another layer of security. OpenVPN server and clients share a required static key. Enter the static key for authentication/encryption of all control channel packets. Must enable tls_crypt_auth_enabled.

OpenVPN Server

Use OpenVPN Server to configure the server settings.

ServicesOpenVPNServerOptions

Configure and save your OpenVPN server settings. Click DOWNLOAD CLIENT CONFIG to generate the certificate file you need from the client system.

Click Client Certificate to generate the configuration file you need from the client system already imported on the system.

General Options

NameDescription
Server CertificateSelect a valid server certificate from the dropdown list. The option is freenas_default. A certificate must exist on this system that is current and not revoked. Find more about generating certificates and CAs for OpenVPN here.
Root CASelect the root Certificate Authority used to sign the Client and Server certificates. Find more about generating certificates and CAs for OpenVPN here.
ServerEnter the IP address and netmask of the server.
PortEnter a port number to use for the connection.
Authentication AlgorithmSelect an algorithm to authenticate packets. The dropdown list provides a list of alogorithms to choose from. Your network environment might require a specific algorithm. If not, select SHA1 HMAC which is a good standard algorithm to use.
CipherSelect a cipher algorithm to encrypt data channel packets sent through the connection. While not required, using a cipher increases connection security. Verify if your networking environment requires a particular cipher. If not, AES-256-GCM is a good default choice. The dropdown list provides a list of encryption ciphers to choose from.
CompressionSelect a compression algorithm from the dropdown list. Dropdown list options are LZ0 or LZ4. Leave the field empty to send data uncompressed. LZ0 is the standard compression algorithm. It is backwards compatible with previous (pre-2.4) versions of OpenVPN. LZ4 is a newer option that is typically faster with less system resources required.
ProtocolSelect the protocol to use when connecting with the remote system. Select from the dropdown list options UDP, UDP4, UDP6, TCP, TCP4 or TCP6. Select UDP or TCP. UDP sends packets in a continuous stream. It is generally faster and less strict about dropped packets than TCP. TCP sends packets sequentially. To force the connection to be IPv4 or IPv6 choose the UDP or TCP version with the 4 or 6 respectively.
Device TypeSelect a virtual network interface from the dropdown list. Options are TUN or TAP. The client and server Device Type must be the same. For more information see here.
TopologySelect to configure virtual addressing topology when running in TUN mode. Dropdown list options are NET30, P2P or SUBNET. TAP mode always uses a SUBNET topology.
TLS Crypt Auth EnabledSelect to enable or clear checkbox to disable TLS Web Client Authentication.
Additional ParametersEnter any extra parameters.
TLS Crypt AuthEncrypting TLS handshake messages adds another layer of security. OpenVPN server and clients share a required static key. Enabling tls_crypt_auth_enabled generates a static key if tls_crypt_auth is not provided. The generated static key is for use with OpenVPN client. Enter that key here.

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