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Local

  4 minute read.

Last Modified 2021-03-24 14:35 EDT

Process Summary

  • Requirements: Storage pools and datasets created in Storage > Pools.

  • Go to Tasks > Replication Tasks and click ADD

    • Choose Sources
      • Set the source location to the local system
      • Use the file browser or type paths to the sources
    • Define a Destination path
      • Set the destination location to the local system
      • Select or manually define a path to the single destination location for the snapshot copies.
    • Set the Replication schedule to run once
    • Define how long the snapshots will be stored in the Destination
    • Clicking START REPLICATION immediately snapshots the chosen Sources and copies those snapshots to the Destination
      • Dialog might ask to delete existing snapshots from the Destination. Be sure that all important important data is protected before deleting anything.
  • Clicking the task State shows the logs for that replication task.

Quick Backups with the Replication Wizard

TrueNAS provides a wizard for quickly configuring different simple replication scenarios.

TasksReplicationTasksAdd

While we recommend regularly scheduled replications to a remote location as the optimal backup scenario, the wizard can very quickly create and copy ZFS snapshots to another location on the same system. This is useful when no remote backup locations are available, or when a disk is in immediate danger of failure.

The only thing you’ll need before creating a quick local replication are datasets or zvols in a storage pool to use as the replication source and (preferably) a second storage pool to use for storing replicated snapshots. You can set up the local replication entirely in the Replication Wizard.

To open the Replication Wizard, go to Tasks > Replication Tasks and click ADD. Set the source location to the local system and pick which datasets to snapshot. The wizard takes new snapshots of the sources when no existing source snapshots are found.
Enabling Recursive replicates all snapshots contained within the selected source dataset snapshots. Local sources can also use a naming schema to identify any custom snapshots to include in the replication. A naming schema is a collection of strftime time and date strings and any identifiers that a user might have added to the snapshot name.

TasksReplicationTasksAddLocalSource

Set the destination to the local system and define the path to the storage location for replicated snapshots. When manually defining the destination, be sure to type the full path to the destination location.

TasksReplicationTasksAddLocalSourceLocalDest

TrueNAS suggests a default name for the task based on the selected source and destination locations, but you can type your own name for the replication. You can load any saved replication task into the wizard to make creating new replication schedules even easier.

You can define a specific schedule for this replication or choose to run it immediately after saving the new task. Unscheduled tasks are still saved in the replication task list and can be run manually or edited later to add a schedule.

The destination lifetime is how long copied snapshots are stored in the destination before they are deleted. We usually recommend defining a snapshot lifetime to prevent storage issues. Choosing to keep snapshots indefinitely can require you to manually clean old snapshots from the system if or when the destination fills to capacity.

TasksReplicationTasksAddLocalSourceLocalDestCustomLife

Clicking START REPLICATION saves the new task and immediately attempts to replicate snapshots to the destination. When TrueNAS detects that the destination already has unrelated snapshots, it will ask to delete the unrelated snapshots and do a full copy of the new snapshots. This can delete important data, so be sure any existing snapshots can be deleted or are backed up in another location.

The simple replication is added to the Replication task list and will show that it is currently running. Clicking the task state shows the replication log with an option to download the log to your local system.

TasksReplicationTasksLocalLogs

To confirm that snapshots have been replicated, go to Storage > Snapshots and verify the destination dataset has new snapshots with correct timestamps.

TasksReplicationTasksLocalSnapshots